AUSTRALIA allows research crops. And in
Victoria, Australia commercial production is now licensed.
AUSTRIA has a hemp industry including
production of hempseed oil, medicinals and Hanf magazine.
CANADA started to license research crops in
1994 on an experimental basis. In addition to crops for fiber, one seed crop
was experimentally licensed in 1995. Many acres were planted in 1997. Canada
now licenses for commercial agriculture with thousands of acres planted in
1998. Over 30,000 acres were planted in 1999
CHILE grows hemp mostly for seed oil
CHINA is the largest exporter of hemp paper
and textiles. (ma)
DENMARK planted its first modern hemp trials
in 1997. Committed to utilizing organic methods.
FINLAND has had a resurgence of hemp
(hampu) beginning in 1995 with several small test plots.
FRANCE harvested 10,000 tons in 1994.
France is the main source of viable low THC hempseed. The French word for hemp
GERMANY only banned hemp in 1982, but
research began in 1992 and many technologies and products are being developed.
Clothes and paper are being made from imported raw materials. Germany lifted
the ban on growing hemp November, 1995. The German word for hemp is hanf.
GREAT BRITAIN lifted hemp prohibition in
1993. Animal bedding, paper and textiles have been developed. A government
grant was given to develop new markets for natural fibers. 4,000 acres were
grown in 1994. Subsidies of $230 Eng. pounds per acre are given by the govt.
HUNGARY is rebuilding their hemp industry,
and is one of the biggest exporters of hemp cordage, rugs and hemp fabric to
the US They also export hemp seed and hemp paper. The Hungarian word for hemp
INDIA has large stands of naturalized
Cannabis and uses it for cordage, textiles, and seed oil.
JAPAN has a religious tradition which
requires that the Emperor wear hemp garments, so there is a small plot
maintained for the imperial family only. They continue to import for cloth and
NETHERLANDS is conducting a four year study
to evaluate and test hemp for paper, and is developing processing equipment.
Seed breeders are developing new strains of low THC varieties. The Dutch word
for hemp is hennep.
POLAND currently grows hemp for fabric and
cordage and manufactures hemp particle board. They have demonstrated the
benefits of using hemp to cleanse soils contaminated by heavy metals. The
Polish word for hemp is konopij.
ROMANIA is the largest commercial producer
of hemp in Europe. Total acreage in 1993 was 40,000 acres. Some of it is
exported to Hungary for processing. They also export to Western Europe and the
United States. The Romanian word for hemp is cinepa.
RUSSIA maintains the largest hemp germplasm
collection in the world at the N.I. Vavilov Scientific Research Institute of
Plant Industry (VIR) in Saint Petersburg. They are in need of funds. The
Russian word for hemp is konoplya.
SLOVENIA grows hemp and manufactures
SPAIN grows and exports hemp pulp for paper
and produces rope and textiles. The spanish word for hemp is canamo.
SWITZERLAND is a producer of hemp. The
Swiss words for hemp are hanf, chanvre or canapa depending on whether you are
in the French, German or Italian speaking area.
EGYPT, KOREA, PORTUGAL, THAILAND, and the
UKRAINE also produce hemp.
UNITED STATES granted the first hemp permit
in 40 years to Hawaii for an experimental quarter acre plot in 1999. Importers
and manufacturers have thrived using imported raw materials. Twenty states in
the United States have introduced legislation. VT, HI, ND, MT, MN, IL, VA, CA,
AR, & MD have legislated for support, research, or cultivation with bills
or resolutions. Three states have initiatives pending: CO, AK, MI.